7 important questions (and answers) about monkey pox virus

The monkey pox virus has spread in Europe and North America for some time, while monkey pox often does not occur in these countries. The monkey pox virus has now also appeared in the Netherlands. It raises many questions. How do you get on? What are the symptoms and dangers and is there a treatment?

Subway Name seven questions and answers for you.

7 questions and answers about monkey cups

  1. What is monkeypox virus?
  2. Who is at risk of getting monkey pox?
  3. How is the virus spread?
  4. How to get monkey cups?
  5. What are the measures that can be taken against monkey pox?
  6. What are the symptoms of monkey pox?
  7. Is there a treatment for monkey pox?

What is monkeypox virus?

Monkey pox, officially called “monkey pox”, is a smallpox virus. It is found mainly in countries of West and Central Africa. Monkey pox is a disease caused by the monkey pox virus. It is a viral zoonotic disease, which means that it can be transmitted from animals to humans. It can also be spread between people.

Who is at risk of getting monkey pox?

A person who has close physical contact with a person who has symptoms of smallpox virus, or with an infected animal, is most prone to infection. People who have been vaccinated against smallpox probably have some protection against a smallpox infection. However, it is unlikely that younger people have been vaccinated against smallpox, as smallpox is no longer vaccinated worldwide after it became the first human disease to be eradicated in 1980. While people who have been vaccinated against smallpox will have some protection against monkey pox, they must also take precautions to protect themselves and others.

Newborns, children and people with underlying immune deficiencies are at risk for more severe symptoms and may die from monkey pox. About 3 to 6 percent of reported cases have resulted in deaths in recent endemic countries, often in children or people who may have other health problems. It is important to note that this may be an overestimation as monitoring is limited in endemic countries.

How is the virus spread?

Monkey pox is a viral zoonitic disease and can spread to humans when they come in physical contact with an infected animal. Animal hosts are rodents and primates. You can reduce the risk of getting monkey cups from animals by avoiding unprotected contact with wild animals. Especially with sick or dead animals (including their flesh and blood) you should avoid contact. In countries where animals carry monkey cups, foods containing animal meat or parts must be thoroughly cooked before eating.

Monkey cups can also be spread from person to person. This is done through close physical contact. More on that in the next question.

How to get monkey cups?

People with monkey pox are contagious while having symptoms (usually between two and four weeks). You can get monkey cups from close physical contact with a person who has symptoms. Monkey pox virus rash, body fluids (such as fluid, pus or blood from skin lesions) and crusts are particularly contagious. Clothes, bedding, towels or objects such as cutlery / plates that are contaminated by contact with an infected person can also infect others. The virus can also be spread through droplets from vesicles or from the oral cavity, but not through airborne droplets.

Sores, lesions or sores in the mouth can also be contagious, meaning the virus can spread through saliva. People who have close contact with someone who is contagious, including health professionals, family members, and sexual partners, are therefore at greater risk of becoming infected. The virus can also be spread from a pregnant woman to the fetus from the placenta or from an infected parent to a child during or after birth through skin-to-skin contact. However, it is not clear whether people who have no symptoms can spread the disease.

What are the measures that can be taken against monkey pox?

According to health services and experts, the spread of the smallpox virus should be stopped mainly by isolating patients in time. However, vaccines developed against the ‘normal’ smallpox virus may also offer a solution. The smallpox vaccine is also useful against monkey smallpox. The smallpox vaccine can be used in the first days after any infection. In addition, the vaccine can be used in advance to protect people at greater risk of infection. There is a registered remedy for monkey pox for hospitalized patients with severe disorders, but this is available to a limited extent.

If someone is tested positive for monkey pox, GGD starts a source and contact study, where GGD tries to find out where the infection may have occurred and who else has been in contact with. Then you have to stay in isolation. You may not have contact with others until all complaints are over. In monkey pox, it is when all the scabs – which cause the blisters – have fallen off your skin. High-risk contacts of infected persons must be quarantined. These are, for example, people you have had sex with and your family members, or others who have been in contact with your skin blisters.

What are the symptoms of monkey pox?

Symptoms of monkey pox usually include fever, severe headache, muscle aches, back pain, fatigue, swollen lymph nodes, and skin rash or lesions. The rash usually begins within one to three days after the onset of the fever. That rash usually starts on the face and then appears all over the body, but it tends to focus on the face, palms and soles. This rash starts with spots that turn into blisters. After the blisters have dried up, scabs remain, which eventually fall off the skin after two to three weeks.

Is there a treatment for monkey pox?

Symptoms usually last between two and four weeks and disappear on their own without treatment. In addition, a smallpox vaccine may be effective against monkey pox. It is important to care for the rash by letting it dry out or cover with a damp bandage if necessary to protect the area. Avoid touching sores in the mouth or eyes.

You can read all Metro articles about the monkey pox virus here.

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7 important questions (and answers) about monkey pox virus

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